Burgo de Osma (Soria - Spain) Medieval Town

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The origins of El Burgo de Osma go back to the primitive Arevaco settlement of Uxama, an enclave that, centuries later, would be subject to Roman jurisdiction.
The formation of the current nucleus of El Burgo de Osma began in 1101, when Bishop Pedro de Bourges (San Pedro de Osma) chose as his cathedral headquarters a monastery located next to the Ucero River, a fact that favoured the flowering of a prosperous burgh of merchants and artisans. This privileged situation would last for centuries, reaching in Renaissance times to have a university center.

The Burgo de Osma, an ancient and monumental episcopal city, is situated at the foot of the Ucero River and offers one of the best-preserved medieval enclosures in the entire province of Soria. Not in vain has the city been declared a Historic-Artistic Site.

Main Square. Baroque of the XVIII and of square plant lodges the magnificent building of the Hospital of San Agustín in one of its ends, in the other the Consistorial House and in the typical sides Castilian houses with soportales, it is the neuralgic center of the cultural and social life of the burgense villa.

San Agustín Hospital. Finished in 1704 and under the patronage of Bishop Arevalo y Torres, it has been declared a BIC with the category of Monument and today it is a cultural centre and the headquarters of the Tourist Office. The imposing building has two magnificent towers decorated with shields of the donor and topped with chapitels, its ornamentation of balls, pyramids and rhombuses of Herrerian flavor harmonizes with the best Castilian baroque.

Town Hall. The Town Hall reproduces the structural scheme of the hospital with humility and simplicity. In the central body two floors of linteled gallery, the lower with Tuscan columns from the medieval Town Hall. The towers of three bodies and the tops of the same with simple chapitel and in the center clock, bell and weather vane want to emulate the niche of San Agustín of the frontier hospital.

Porticoed Main Street. It is the main artery of the town that communicates two spaces and it could even be said two different periods: the medieval Cathedral Square with the eighteenth-century Plaza Mayor. It is the main commercial street where the most typical bars are located and those mesones of unmistakable Castilian flavor where to taste the most traditional tapas accompanied with the best wines of our Ribera de Duero.

Cathedral In addition to its surprising monumentality there are two things that impact us when contemplating for the first time the seo burgense: the magnificent main front of the best and purest classic Gothic style and the imposing and majestic baroque tower. Once inside we will have time to discover the artistic treasures of various styles that from the purest Romanesque to the most recent neoclassical guard with zeal the cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption. Scarce but of great beauty are the sculptural remains of Romanesque style belonging to the old cloister of the same style that are still conserved. The floor plan is Gothic style XIII with central nave, two sides, transept and head originally with five apses, in the XVIII is added a neoclassical ambulatory and several outbuildings. Its flamboyant Gothic cloister from the 16th century has a serene beauty and gives way to the rooms of museums where among other jewels is the Beatus of Osma from the 11th century.

The Convent of Carmen. It is a work of the seventeenth century that responds to the architectural canons of the Order of Carmel. In its facade stands out the brick and a carving of the Virgin of Carmen also from the seventeenth century. Inside the roofs are of lunettes, edges and domes on pendentives and horns.

Santo Domingo de Guzmán Diocesan Seminary. Its sober and balanced façade has the only decorative space on the façade. A semicircular semicircular pediment on pilasters decorated with triglyphs and drops, together with the coat of arms of Bishop Eleta, illustrate the entrance door.

Osma Castle. The medieval castle dating from the 10th century rises on a rocky hill and adapts to the irregularities of the terrain. Canvases of the main enclosure and its homage tower on the bow are preserved. There are also remains of the other two walled enclosures that strengthened its defences. The Water Tower next to the river belonged to the outer walls.

Roman bridge. Wade the river Ucero. With sillarejo factory, three spans and triangular cutwaters it was rebuilt in the Middle Ages. At the moment it puts in communication the Church of Santa Cristina with the medieval castle of Osma.
 

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Sweet! Beautifully ancient. Love the movie quality and the music. Keep it up, I’m jealous.
 
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